The post How to Read SAS Files in Python with Pandas appeared first on Erik Marsja.
In this post, we are going to learn how to read SAS (.sas7dbat) files in Python.
As previously described (in the read .sav files in Python post) Python is a general-purpose language that also can be used for doing data analysis and data visualization.
One potential downside, however, is that Python is not really user-friendly for data storage. This has, of course, lead to that our data many times are stored using Excel, SPSS, SAS, or similar software. See, for instance, the posts about reading .sav and .xlxs files in Python:
How to read and write SPSS files in PythonHow to read and write Excel files in Pandas
Can I Open a SAS File in Python?
Now we may want to answer the question whether how to open a SAS file in Python? In Python, there the two useful packages Pyreadstat, and Pandas that enables us to open SAS files. If we are working with Pandas, the read_sas method will load a .sav file into a Pandas dataframe. Note, Pyreadstat that is dependent on Pandas, will also create a Pandas dataframe from a .sas file.
How to Open a SAS file in Python
In this secion, we are going to learn how to load a SAS file in Python using the Python package Pyreadstat. Of course, before we use Pyreadstat we need to make sure we have it installed.
to install Pyreadstat:
Pyreadstat can be installed either using pip or conda:
Install Pyreadstat using pip:Open up a terminal, or Windows PowerShell, and type pip install pyreadstatInstall using Conda:Open up a terminal, or Windows PowerShell, and type conda install -c conda-forge pyreadstatHow to Load a .sas7bdat File in Python Using Pyreadstat
In this section, we are going to use pyreadstat to import data into a Pandas dataframe. First, we import pyreadstat:
Now, we are ready to import SAS files using the method read_sas7bdat (download airline.sas7dbat). Note that, when we load a file using the Pyreadstat package, recognize that it will look for the file in Python’s working directory.
df, meta = pyreadstat.read_sas7bdat(‘airline.sas7bdat’)
In the code chunk above we create two variables; df, and meta. As can be seen when using type the variable “df” is a Pandas dataframe:
Thus, we can use all methods available for Pandas dataframe objects. In the next line of code, we are going to print the 5 first rows of the dataframe using pandas head method.
See more about working with Pandas dataframes in the following tutorials:
Python Groupby Tutorial: Here you will learn about working the the groupby method to group Pandas dataframes.Learn how to take random samples from a pandas dataframeA more general, overview, of how to work with Pandas dataframe objects can be found in the Pandas Dataframe tutorial.How to Read a SAS file with Python Using Pandas
In this section, we are going to load the same .sav7bdat file into a Pandas dataframe but by using Pandas read_sas method, instead. This have the advantage that we can load the SAS file from an URL.
Before we continue, we need to import Pandas:
import pandas as pd
Now, when we have done that, we can read the .sas7bdat file into a Pandas dataframe using the read_sas method. In the read SAS example here, we are importing the same data file as in the previous example.
Here, we print the 5 last rows of the dataframe using Pandas tail method.
url = ‘http://www.principlesofeconometrics.com/sas/airline.sas7bdat’
df = pd.read_sas(url)
How to Read a SAS File and Specific Columns
Note, that read_sas7bdat (Pyreadstat) have the argument “usecols”. By using this argument, we can also select which columns we want to load from the SPSS file to the dataframe:
cols = [‘YEAR’, ‘Y’, ‘W’]
df, meta = pyreadstat.read_sas7bdat(‘airline.sas7bdat’, usecols=cols)
How to Save a SAS file to CSV
In this section of the Pandas SAS tutorial we are going to export the .sas7bdat file to a .csv file. This is easy done, we just have to use the to_csv method from the dataframe object we created earlier:
Remember to put the right path, as second argument, when using to_csv to save a .sas7bdat file as CSV.
Summary: Read SAS Files using Python
Now we have learned how to read and write SAS files in Python. It was quite simple and both methods are, in fact, using the same Python packages.
The post How to Read SAS Files in Python with Pandas appeared first on Erik Marsja. […]